Leveraging the HSK

For anyone who is interested in learning Chinese and then possibly pursuing a career in China, the HSK has taken on a new level of importance.

China’s new visa points system has now added to what was previously a somewhat vague list of work visa requirements and honed it down to screen for the kind of foreign work force China sees will bring the greatest benefit to their economic development. The new system provides a list of potential points to be earned for, among other things, the visa applicant’s level of education and contracted salary. The pattern is designed to give priority to high-level foreign workers. Within the new points system is a new emphasis on Chinese language. They not only want high-level employees, they want them to be able to communicate and work using Chinese, and the standard of measure for earning points is the HSK (汉语水平考试).

This article is not about how to earn points from your education, or how to write a contract for a big points earning salary. For most professionals, the level of degree, degree major, work experience, and other qualification factors will already be established. The one place one can set themselves apart for their new employer and potential work visa is with language, and the only way to do that is to pass some level of the HSK.

How the HSK and the points system works

As you can see from the chart below, the HSK can be scheduled and taken throughout the year. Test results are available approximately 16 days after the computer version and one month for the paper-based version.

Test Time

Closing Date for Entries

Result Date for Test

Paper-base

Computer-based

Paper-base

Computer-based

22/Apr.

Sat.

 26/Mar.

19/Apr.

22/May.

 8/May.

7/May.

Sun.

27/Apr.

22/May.

20/May.

Sat.

23/Apr.

10/May.

20/Jun.

5/Jun.

11/Jun.

Sun.

15/May.

1/Jun.

11/Jul.

26/Jun.

24/Jun.

Sat.

14/Jun.

10/Jul.

15/Jul.

Sat.

18/Jun.

5/Jul.

15/Aug.

31/Jul.

29/Jul.

Sat.

19/Jul.

14/Aug.

12/Aug.

Sat.

16/Jul.

2/Aug.

12/Sept.

28/Aug.

27/Aug.

Sun.

17/Aug.

11/Sept.

17/Sept.

Sun.

21/Aug.

7/Sept.

17/Oct.

2(10)/Oct.

15/Oct.

Sun.

18/Sept.

5/Oct.

15/Nov.

30/Oct.

28/Oct.

Sat.

18/Oct.

13/Nov.

11/Nov.

Sat.

15/Oct.

1/Nov.

11/Dec.

27/Nov.

26/Nov.

Sun.

16/Nov.

11/Dec.

3/Dec.

Sun.

6/Nov.

23/Nov.

3/Jan.2018

18/Dec.

The HSK points system is based on which test is passed from HSK 1 to HSK 6. For work purposes, passing HSK 1 equals a 2 point credit, which then increases by 2 points for each level to a maximum of 10 points for passing HSK 5 or 6.

Passing the HSK

There are many different approaches that can be taken in preparation for the HSK, including everything from self-study to group classes to 1on1 classes. For many the most efficient and the quickest route to earning HSK points is through either small group or 1on1 tuition. There are many programs available, but this article is intended to focus on the 1on1 and small group method. Below is a chart that indicates the number of class hours required to move from one HSK language level to the next in either a small group or 1-on-1 tuition context.

HSK Level

Vocabulary

Numbers of classes required for each level (H)

1on1 classes

Group classes

Level 1 to Level 2

150+–300+

20

30

Level 2 to Level 3

300+–600+

30

40

Level 3 to Level 4

600+–1200+

46

56

Level 4 to Level 5

1200+–2500+

60-80

80-100

Level 5 to Level 6

2500+–5000+

90-120

120-150

You can see from the chart what is required to move up from one level to the next and how the required vocabulary and classes increase as the HSK level increases. This chart does not of course take into account factors such as age, aptitude, commitment level, etc., which can impact the number of class hours required to reach the language level each HSK is testing for.

There are also test prep courses available at schools such as my own (www.1on1mandarin.com) that have been developed strictly for test preparation, which you can see from our chart below.

HSK

Number of Class(Times)

1on1

Group

Level 1/2

40 classes, 2 classes per visit

44 classes, 2 classes per visit

Level 3/4

48 classes, 2 classes per visit

56 classes, 2 classes per visit

Level 5

72 classes, 3 classes per visit

84 classes, 3 classes per visit

Level 6

78 classes, 3 classes per visit

90 classes, 3 classes per visit

These courses are intended specifically for test preparation. For example, if you’ve already studied Chinese, and feel confident that your language level is up to HSK 5, but have no test experience or just want to brush up and prepare in such a way you can test with confidence, then these types of courses can prove very helpful.

In the end, any individual’s aptitude, career goals and ambition will determine how far they can go with their Chinese and how far up the HSK points ladder they can climb. Other external factors of influence include the quality of one’s teacher, study materials, and preparation.

So if you want to set yourself apart and meet China’s increasingly stringent standards for Employment, then the HSK must be considered. It also must be realized that any individual’s quality of life and work in China will increase exponentially with one’s language level and understanding of the culture.

Maybe it’s time to make HSK prep a priority for your life and career in China. Thanks for visiting our blog: http://blog.1on1mandarin.com

 

The MEET Market 相亲会

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Recently I had the privilege of joining our lovely tour guide, Cici, for one of her tours through Beijing’s Temple of Heaven (see our sister company, UTEC http://chinavisiontour.com/).

As we strolled around the Temple of Heaven Park, I did not expect an encounter with a ‘Meet Market’. I found out later that some Chinese people call it a 相亲会, a gathering of parents of prospective spouses.

“Look over there,” said Cici, pointing to a large crowd of a hundred or more elderly Chinese people mingling among the trees of the Temple of Heaven Park. “What do you think those people are doing over there?”

“They’re discussing something,” replied one of our tour guests.

“What are they discussing?” asked Cici.

Everyone shrugged and glanced at each other for clues.

Cici ended our suspense: “They are trying to find spouses for their children. But their children probably don’t know that their parents are here. It’s so embarrassing!”

As we wandered among the rows of elderly men and women, all sitting silently and hopefully, we glanced down at their hand-written lists. Each piece of paper contained their child’s credentials: their date of birth, home town, weight, education, occupation. Some also included the requirements of their future son or daughter-in-law: not too short, not too tall, not too thin, not too fat, must work for the government, etc. Interestingly, very few parents included a photograph of their son or daughter. Obviously that was less important. I tried not to look too closely in case someone gained false hope. One lady flagged me down and asked if I wanted a boy. Another man shouted out to get my attention, and continued to shout as I quickened my pace.

The air in this market seemed thick with anticipation. This particular generation of Chinese parents gave birth to the ‘Little Emperors’, children born under the one child policy. Now in their thirties, many of them are working too hard or enjoying life too much to want to settle down and start their own families. The desperation of their parents is written on their faces.

In Ancient China the Emperors would travel to the Temple of Heaven to ask the God of Heaven to grant them an abundant harvest. And now, in Modern China, countless parents travel daily to this same Temple of Heaven Park also in search of an abundant harvest: this time a marriage partner for their one child and, ultimately, the continuation of their family line.

How to: Chinese Motorcycle License

If you’ve lived in Beijing for very long, you know that transportation for trips out to the Great Wall or the countryside can be expensive, or inconvenient. So my wife and I decided to purchase a car. I already had my Chinese driver’s license, so we registered in the lottery (摇号) having convinced ourselves we would eventually be granted a license plate. However, three years later, many of our local friends had been granted plates, but we had given up. What other recourse did we have? We could rent cars when needed, but that was a hassle, or we could borrow cars from our Chinese friends, which we had done on a number of occasions, but that’s just not the same as packing for two or three nights and heading out to the countryside on a whim.

The solution for us was a Chinese motorcycle license (摩托车驾照).  There is no lottery for a motorcycle license plate, and no restrictions (限号) likely the weekly one day restrictions automobiles have to deal with. We both decided this was a brilliant idea, the only problem was, I had no experience on a motorcycle, and no foreign license I could use to avoid formal training class in Beijing. How did I get through the process? This blog is the story of my own experience with the process, and the result.

The steps:

In order to apply for a motorcycle license, China law requires that you either hold a Chinese drivers license for one year or can prove you have an overseas motorcycle license. So if you don’t have a motorcycle license from your home country you must first provide the necessary documents for your drivers license application at the Chinese equivalent of the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), International Department (北京车辆管理所涉外管理科)near Shibalidianqiao (十八里店桥). These include your current Passport and current Resident permit with a minimum validity of 90 days, a valid drivers license issued from your home country with a certified translation, four 1” photos with white background, and a health certificate issued by an approved hospital. Bring several copies of each when you make you application.

You can get your health certificate at almost any local hospital, which I found very simple to retain for my original Chinese drivers license at the Sino-Japanese Friendship hospital International Department. I just told them what I needed, provided a photo (this is in addition to the 4 required with the application), had a hearing and vision test, and was on my way with health certificate in hand.

Submit all of these documents along with several copies of each and the current application fee to the DMV and sign up for a test date. The test for either a regular drivers license or motorcycle license consists of 100 test questions that are taken from a much larger selection of questions. Be sure to purchase a copy of the test questions and answers available in English at the DMV and allow enough time to study well when you sign up for a test date. There are several hundred questions to study, and 90% is the minimum passing score, so be prepared. Your test will be taken on a computer system that will give you your score immediately. Assuming you pass the first time, you can go back to the front desk and either arrange for your license to be mailed to you, or in some cases, you can wait for them to prepare it and take it with you.

If you’re among those who already have a motorcycle license from your home country, then you can follow all of the instructions above, with the exception that you must apply for the motorcycle test. This test also consists of 100 questions chosen from a list of over 400 multiple choice and true/false questions. Take note that the test is only available in Chinese. But if you read some Chinese, and are determined to pass, then you can take advantage of an app that has all of the test questions and also includes practice tests. You can find the app at www.jiakebaodian.com . This app was a lifesaver for me as it provided the opportunity to learn all the characters I was lacking to read well enough to pass the test.

The rest of the story.

So once the decision was made, I began to research the motorcycle license process. Having passed the English test a few years earlier, and so now qualified to apply for the motorcycle license, I was thinking “how hard can this be”. I was soon to be enlightened. So in addition to having retained a drivers license, I was now required to not only pass the 100 question motorcycle test, but also had to take a practical riding class and pass a riding test. The practical riding course was by far the most interesting and enjoyable part of the process.

Foreigners are require to sign up for the riding course at the Laoshan jiaxiao (老山驾校). You can see their website at http://www.laoshanjiaxiao.com and find their address just north of line 1 using your favorite maps app. I suggest you make a stop on the way and get your physical exam report at the nearby hospital (石景山医院).You want to head over to east entrance where you can find the physical exam department (体检). They first asked for a photo and an application, which I filled out in a couple of minutes. I then stepped over to the left where a nurse examined me along with an older Chinese gentleman. We both looked at a few pages in a book to check for colorblindness, followed by the vision chart. She then sent me next door to pay 10RMB, after which I returned with a receipt to pick up my completed exam form.

It’s about a brisk 15-minute walk from the hospital to the school. You can take a taxi up there, but it may take a while if you want to take a taxi back as the school is a bit secluded. I walked in with great confidence, submitted my documents to the school (all the same as those required for the drivers license) and was then asked  how well I could read Chinese, “你的汉子怎么样”, I was shocked to learn that the motorcycle test was only available in Chinese. I’d been studying an English version, but later learned the test had been revised and was no longer available in English. To be honest, I was certain as I paid for the course that I would not be back to take it. Another surprise was that foreigners don’t pay the same fee as the locals. At first I thought this unfair, but as I went through the process I realized Laoshan has to provide more services for foreigners. Below is an overview of the process. You can see that you have to pass a 50 question test before you can schedule your riding class, but you have to pay for the classes in advance of the first test. On the way home I sent a message to my wife that it would be a miracle if I got my license. I still believe it was a miracle.

1)   Prepare all the required documents, photos, translation and copies.

2)   Get a physical exam certificate.

3)   Go to the Laoshan school with all of the above and pay for the course.

4)   Get a phone call from Laoshan school to meet them at the DMV and sign up for the first 50 question test. There representative will be there as scheduled to help you get signed up for your test.

5)   Go back and pass the test.

6)   Take your test results back to the Laoshan school and wait 2-3 days for them to call you with your class dates. Note that when you sign up for class you have the choice of weekend classes or a 5-day midweek morning class.

7)   Take the riding course and pass the riding test.

8)   Go back to the Laoshan office with your results (note that only foreigners have to follow this process). They will call you in a few days to let you know when you can go back to the DMV to sign up for your final test.

9)   Go back to the DMV at the designated time, pass your test, and either wait for your license or arrange for them to mail it to you.

A few days later I got the call from Laoshan to meet their representative at the DMV. As it turned out, there were two of us there to register for our first test. I set mine test date up for a two week delay figuring I needed as much time as possible to prepare for the test, but I still had no idea how exactly to prepare. After we had both set our test dates the other student asked our rep the key question “What is the best way to study for the test”, she was a bit perplexed at the question, “You don’t know about the app?”, I should have known, there seems to be an app for everything these days, why not one that includes everything you need to study for your Chinese motorcycle license.

As it turns out, the app did not work on my iPhone, but they also have a website that works just the same (http://www.laoshanjiaxiao.com), or even better for me when studying at my desk with my laptop. So over the next two weeks I spent many long hours reviewing all the answers to both the multiple choice and true/false questions. I then used the practice test function. This was no longer about freedom for my wife and I to travel, it was more about the challenge of passing the test.

On test day my wife came along for moral support. You basically just need to show up a few minutes before the test. There are usually quite a few folks waiting. When the test time comes an official will make an announcement and everyone will head upstairs to the testing room. I needed some help finding the motorcycle test on their computer system, but once situated I rolled through my 50 questions in about 12 minutes, missing one question. I was out so quickly my wife thought something had gone wrong. We had experienced the first miracle in the process.

We then went directly to Laoshan and showed them my test result. They were a bit surprised, which was an encouraging reaction. They called me a couple days later with the start date and basic information for the riding course. The only items I was required to bring were all my documents, including the receipt for my payment, and a helmet.

My first class started at 8AM on a beautiful Spring Monday morning. After passing the first test, I was really excited to get started riding. I’d only borrowed a motorcycle for 30 minutes so I could teach myself how to use the controls, shift, etc. This proved extremely helpful as our instructor didn’t do much instructing. He did a roll call, walked us through the course we would be tested on that Friday, showed us how to start the old 70cc bikes we would be using all week, assigned us riding partners for taking turns through the week, and then watched us for a few minutes as we took our turns going through the course. For the better part of our first 3 days he left us alone to figure things out for ourselves, coming back now and then to make sure we hadn’t destroyed any equipment. There were sixteen of us in the class with 8 motorcycles going through the course. On the first day he told us that the law required us each to be there on time each day and to practice until 12PM. There were several students who asked if they had to come every day, and he just repeated himself. In the end, most of us were there every day, but a few only showed up now and then. For the most part, in the end, it didn’t matter what technique we used, it was about getting through the course without any of our mistakes being noticed.

On Thursday our instructor had us line up our bikes and ourselves up just as we would be for the police officer who would be arriving to observe us the next day. His main point was that we should do our best, and if we made any mistakes and the officer asked us how it went we should just pretend it went fine and tell him so. If he asked us twice, we were to tell him we made a small mistake, in which case he could still pass us or give us a second chance.

We were all lined up and ready to go when the officer showed up. He gave us some simple instruction and then we got started. It was surreal. Here we were, 16 of us testing for a motorcycle license and about 10 more testing for a sidecar license. There were at least 3 of us on the course at any given time with the officer speaking with each of us and signing us off as we finished. That is one pre-occupied officer, sitting in his car, facing away from half of the course, and trying to observe all of us…impossible doesn’t describe the conditions. Several made mistakes, some of them fairly major, but he didn’t catch any of them. Needless to say, everyone passed on the first try.

The officer then excused me to go to the office (all the locals then had to go to the local DMV office and immediately take their test). At the office they confirmed my results and once again told me they would be in touch to tell me when I could go back and sign up for my last test.

About a week later I was back at the DMV, but this time I wanted to test as soon as possible. I continued to practice for the test, and when the time came I passed with a 100% score in about 10 minutes. 30 minutes later I had my license in hand and my wife and I were on our way home to celebrate. A completed miracle.

There is much more to this story with respect to my Laoshan school experience. My fellow students were incredibly helpful and great fun to be with. We still have a Wechat group that stays in touch. Some of them go on rides together and all of them have treated the laowai (老外) like I was their mascot.

Photo Apr 28, 4 08 00 PM

My wife and I have also really enjoyed the freedom our Suzuki GW250 has given us. We ride it everywhere, but mostly out to the north of Beijing. Road fees are the same as for cars, but that and fuel costs are very inexpensive compared with hiring a driver or renting a car.

This is a friend who has a sweet little B&B out near Mutianyu Great Wall

This is a friend who has a sweet little B&B out near Mutianyu Great Wall

I’ve since also tested for and retained my motorcycle license in my home state. Someday, when we move back to the USA, I’m hoping to ride there too.

As the owner/manager of 1on1Mandarin I do reap special benefits. Our teachers and staff are always will to see their laoban and all of our foreign staff and Chinese language students succeed. www.1on1mandarin.com

 

Speaking Chinese with Feeling: Patience Required

It was September 2007, at the age of 50, when I first began to study Chinese. Because of my age I felt strongly that joining young enthusiastic university students in a group class just wasn’t going to cut it for me, so I signed up for 1-on-1 classes, and there the journey began.

 

This post however is not about the long journey, on which path I am still on, it is rather about one small aspect of that journey – learning how to speak Mandarin with feeling…. like a Chinese, without sacrificing quality of tones or pronunciation.

 

Now I know everyone is different, but I think there is a common rule for all of us when we begin learning Mandarin. That is, to nail down all of the sounds and simultaneously train the ear to hear and the voice to speak the tones correctly, including the rule exceptions. We’ve all seen the initials-finals charts, and observed how the tones are explained in a graph format to help us understand how much movement each requires, and the relative tone ranges. You’ve also likely tried to mimic a teacher in class, whether in a group or 1-on-1.

 

But I believe there is another rule to be added and that is to begin by speaking the language almost as if it was a musical score, or even more simply stated, by coloring inside the lines. What I mean is to think of the language as being very fixed, all of the tones individually and always beginning and ending at the same place, extremely mechanical if you will.

 

We’ve all listened to native speakers, and we know they don’t speak mechanically. But then again they began listening to Chinese right out of the womb.

 

Speaking from the experience of beginning late, what I learned is that after having built a foundation of learning and practicing Chinese tones in a mechanical way, it became much easier to slowly transition into a much more natural expressive Chinese.

IMG_7056

As with English, Chinese is not mechanical. Ideas, humor, sadness, all types and levels of emotion can be expressed without abolishing the tones (with the possible exception of extreme anger). As with English each phrase flows with a tone all it’s own, going up or down in order to express one’s feelings.

 

The point is this. Begin with a strict adherence to the tones, without the natural flow of native language, and you will eventually be capable of expressing yourself with accurate tones, the same feelings that come so naturally in your native tongue and touch the heart of your Chinese friends.

Going to the Movies? How to use Your Smart Phone to Buy Discount Movie Tickets

My wife and I have lived in Beijing for several years. Over the years we’ve had many friends venture to the movies theaters to watch the latest hits while we stayed home and enjoyed the savings of 10RMB DVDs. Now certainly there is a worthwhile savings for those who are patient enough to wait for a quality copy to come out to the dwindling number of DVD stores, but we all know that going to the theater is just not the same experience. There’s just something about the big screen, especially in 3D that blows away the home viewing experience.

 

A few months ago a local friend gave us some free movie tickets. Another friend then told me about an app that would allow a view of all the current movies and where they were playing. I then chose a 3D movie I knew my life would love to see for her birthday, but you guessed it, the free tickets were for 2D movies. I was now finally motivated, I had to have those tickets, but the price! So I asked another friend and they told me about the app. I actually bought the tickets while standing in line at the theater and saved substantially at the counter.

 

So, if you have an interest in either watching Chinese or Western movies (in their original language) in Beijing, with the original voice soundtrack, and don’t mind or actually would enjoy practicing your Chinese reading by following the Chinese subtitles, then this app is a must. The app is free and is called Mtime, or in pinyin – shiguangwang (时光网). Below is the step-by-step process for downloading and using Mtime.

 

Note that these directions are specific to making your purchase using a Chinese bankcard.

 

1)   Download the app and open it.

1

2)   The Home page is at center bottom and the current movie list is displayed with a customer rating from 1-10 (this post will not go into what the other bottom tabs are for).

2

 

3)   Scroll through and pick the movie you’re interested in.

3

4)   Push the orange purchase ticket (购票) tab.

 

5)   Here you will have a choice of dates at the top and below a scroll down for movie theaters showing your movie pick. I prefer to narrow the options by tapping the middle green circle tab (地区) so I can choose theaters in my district. If you’re in Chaoyang District you might want to choose the second tab for your nearby (附近) theaters.

45

6)   Scroll down and select the tab for your choice of theaters.

6

 

7)   You will see optional show times and prices for your movie tickets. Touch the tab for your preferred show time.

 

8)   Reserve your seat(s) by touching the seats you prefer. You can touch and order as many seats as you want from those that have not been reserved. The seats you reserve will appear orange while the rest are blue. The bottom will display the row (排) and seat numbers (座). When you’re finished you can press the orange next (下一步) button.

7

 

9)   Enter the cell phone number and password you would like to use (there should be at least one numerical digit).

8

10)  Now push the light blue register tab (免费注册) (In the future, once you’ve registered, you can tap the log in (登录) tab, that is, assuming it remembers your phone number).

 

 

11) Enter your phone number and your preferred password, then push the tab to obtain your verification number (获取验证吗) and you will receive a text with your verification code.

9

12) Enter the code and push the (提交) tab.

 

 

13) You get a pop up window that asks you to confirm that you want to go forward. Touch the definitely (确定) tab if you definitely want the tickets.

10

14) Now you have two choices, either registering your email address or cell phone. If you want to order tickets only with your phone, then touch the submit (提交) tab (this post only follows the track of using your cell phone).

9

 

15) You will get a screen that confirms you order and the amount. If it all looks right tap next (下一步).

11

16) Now you have a choice of payment options. The simplest is to use the Union Pay online option (使用银联在线付款) which is the second orange tab.

12

 

17) Now enter your bankcard number and touch “next”. You will get a second window. Enter your pin# and your registered phone number and then touch the orange SMS tab. You should receive a text with the required SMS number. Enter the number and touch “Start Pay”.

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18) When processing is complete, Mtime should hold a record of your ticket purchase. You should also receive a text with the purchase details. You can show either of these at the ticket window to receive your tickets.

 

 

Of course I accept no responsibility for the accuracy of this post, or any losses you may incur as a result of following the above instructions.

 

There you have it. Enjoy your movie!

Finding a Wife Chinese Style: The Importance of Guanxi

Recently my wife and I received a pretty cool invitation from the landlord we rent our office space from. He and his wife (we shall refer to as Mr. & Mrs. Wang) had previously had us over to their home for lunch and a discussion about how we could help their son, who had just returned from university in Canada. This last invitation however was for us to visit them in Wuxi, just north of Shanghai. While there were many culturally Chinese aspects of our 4-day stay with them, this post will focus on only one.

 

During the course of our stay I had the pleasure of chauffeuring Mr. & Mrs. Wang around Wuxi in their BMW (别魔我) as some Chinese fondly call them), going out to great meals, walking through their family groves and picking peaches (Wuxi is famous for having the most delicious peaches in China), touring around lake Taihu, and meeting many of their qinqi pengyou (亲戚朋友,or family and friends).

 

Taihu Lake, (太湖)

Taihu Lake, (太湖)

 

Wuxi peaches

Wuxi peaches

But what made this visit particularly interesting was a visit they had arranged with another couple they had never met in person before. We had just finished lunch at their favorite local restaurant when the new couple arrived (we shall refer to them as Mr. & Mrs. Liu). They followed us to the Wang’s home where we spent the afternoon chatting with them and the Wang’s other friends. Everyone was having a great time, except when we arrived Mr. Wang excused himself to go take a nap. Mrs. Wang was with her mother in the hospital, so it was the Wang’s friends, the Liu’s, and my wife and I who spent the afternoon together discussing various topics. A few hours later, while everyone was saying his or her goodbyes, Mr. Wang came out and thanked everyone for coming.

 

So what was going on? Mr. Wang had given us a bit of a heads up, but it wasn’t until the next evening, sitting out by lake Taihu and enjoying the warm summer breeze that we inquired. What we learned was that meeting this couple was one small part of a careful plan for the Wang’s son to eventually marry the Liu’s daughter. The Chinese four-character phrase he used was mendang-hudui (门当户对), meaning  to be equal in social and economic status. So the Wang’s and the Liu’s were at the beginning of a longer-term plan that began on the basis on the hope that their two families were a great match.

 

Wuxi at sunset

Wuxi at sunset

The Liu’s daughter had just graduated from university in the US and would begin her Master’s program in the fall. The idea was for the Wang parents and Liu parents to get to know each other first, build up their guanxi, and then introduce the their children in two years, after her graduation. If they got along well, they would eventually marry and give them the one grandchild they all eagerly awaited.

 

Even more, they had already planned on where they would live (Canada) and what professions they would hold.

Learning Chinese in Beijing? – Top tips on renting a flat –Part 2

(This is the second post on renting a flat. You can find the first post here.) So, you have successfully negotiated a contract, got the keys, moved your stuff in, and registered with the police. Now what?

Renting a flat – Paying for Utilities 

Gas and electric both require to be purchased in advance. Each has a separate card that you will need to make sure is provided for you by your landlord or rental agency. It’s a good idea to check on both the gas and electric meter as to how much credit there is on the cards (Sometimes this will be done by the agent when you move in, as they may want to charge you for this, especially if there is a large credit). If the credit is low, then you will probably want to go and buy more credits sooner rather than later (or risk your shower going cold, or your dinner being half cooked!)

 

Beijing gas meter

Beijing gas meter, generally found in the kitchen

Gas

Your gas meter is likely to be inside your own apartment and so should be easy to find. The available credit will be clearly displayed. Gas can be purchased from the Bank of Beijing (if you have a Chinese bankcard from any bank then you can use their 24 hour self service machines. If you do not have a Chinese bankcard, you will need to queue up and pay over the counter). Gas can also be purchased from designated selling offices (ask your agent or a friend for the location of the one in your area). You need to insert your card into the gas meter for it to register your account, then within 24 hours you can go buy the gas. The easiest way is just to insert the card into the machine immediately before you head out and then reinsert the card into the meter as soon as you return to add your gas credits. Most meters also have batteries that occasionally need to be replaced. Generally speaking, if your gas isn’t flowing when the meter still shows you have credits, then the culprit is likely dead batteries.

 

Beijing Electricity meter

Your electic meter is usually in the corridor outside your flat. Insert your card to find out much credit you have left.

Electric

Electric meters can be a little trickier – they are almost always outside the apartment, and often are grouped together, so the key thing is to work out which one is yours. The suggestion from the official website  is: Way to check the meter of your house: turn off the switch of the meter, if the power in your house goes off means that the meter is connected with your house. I just successfully tried this with ours, and found the switches are in a little box under the meters. However, if you have to try quite a few before you work out which is yours, this may give you some unhappy neighbours, so another suggestion is to turn on your air-conditioning and see which meter starts using more electric. (There is a little red light on the right of the credit display, which flashes ever faster as your electricity consumption goes up. Incidentally, the display will only show numbers constantly once your credit is less than 200, to find out how much credit you have if there are no numbers, just put the card into the machine with the chip facing outwards) Electric can be purchased from many of the banks, including: Bank of China, Bank of Beijing, and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC). It can also be purchased from any sale outlet of Beijing Electric Power Corporation. Again, you need to insert your card into the machine before you go. Note – you can only top up the electric when it is below 200kWH. The Beijing governments official English website has info on buying electric and is actually pretty useful.

 

Beijing gas and electricity cards

You need to make sure your landlord gives you the relevent cards for putting credit on your electricity and gas meters

Tap Water

Water is the simplest – as it is not pre-pay but is billed by actual usage. Once every two months or so, someone will come round to read the water meter and tell you how much to pay. I have always just paid them directly as this saves a trip to the bank. Previously I know people were sometimes nervous to do this in case the worker just pocketed the money, but they have recently introduced a new system, which means you get an electronic receipt from the person when you pay them (which you can then keep to prove to your landlord that you have paid, just in case they try to charge you!) If you see anything we have missed, please use the comments below to share your experience of renting a flat in Beijing. Our final post should be out in a couple of days, which will include advice on what you need to be aware of at the start so that your eventual leaving process is less stressful.

Without cultural understanding, your Chinese could be useless.

Many students of Chinese recognise that learning Chinese is hard, but they are willing to put in the effort to conquer the mountain that is becoming proficient in Chinese. However, if your aim for learning Chinese is to become accepted as part of the community, your study needs to go beyond just learning how to communicate, instead extending into understanding Chinese culture, why people say what they say, do what they do, and think what they think.

Danger of ignoring culture

If you only focus on the practical side of communication, and don’t take the time to learn the culture, then the communication you do have may end up being laden with frustration, and misunderstandings. You only have to spend a little time reading the blogs of expats to get a feel for how common these misunderstandings are.

Here at our Chinese language school in Wudaokou, it is one of our goals to support all our students as they not only learn the language, and become proficient in it, but also gradually develop a fuller understanding and love of Chinese culture.

Cultural understanding includes the basics of knowing when the festivals are, and what they celebrate, but it goes far beyond that and at its greatest extent includes how 5000 years of history influences their understanding of themselves, and in turn their opinions and behaviour.

So how to learn culture?

So how to learn culture? The best way is to live here, learn the language, make friends, and interact with your Chinese friends as much as you can. Over time you will build up your understanding. But we can also be deliberate about acquiring an understanding of the culture. We can learn culture through seeking to make observations about the society around, and backing this up by discussing our observations about the differences and similarities with Chinese people.

For those who are not fortunate to live in China then reading books and watching films is obviously a good first step.

Our blog: making studying Chinese just that bit easier

Taking all this into account, our aim for this blog is to make your life as a student of Chinese just that bit easier. We continuously check the latest blogs, read the latest books, test out the newest apps and attend the conferences on language learning so that you don’t have to. Anything that we find that will help you in your understanding of Chinese language, Chinese cultural we will share. On top of this we will seek to provide anything else that helps our language students as they live in China and study the language, whether that is advice on balancing your time for most effective study, or sharing about the practicalities of renting a flat in China.

Thanks for reading, look out for new articles on a weekly basis, and let us know what you think.

Study Chinese at our school in Wudaokou www.1on1mandarin.com

 

 

 

Learning from Chinese history

In the west have the phrase: those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. A near Chinese equivalent is 温故而知新 (wēn gù ér zhī xīn) which approximately means that by Reviewing the old we can understand the new.

As mentioned in a previous post, then becoming an effective communicator in Chinese requires developing an understanding of Chinese culture. Our present day communication is always understood within the framework of our past experience. Developing a clear understanding of Chinese history, particularly the history that every Chinese is taught at school is a key step in developing the understanding of what makes up the Chinese sense of self, their values and priorities.

Since attending Chinese school from age 5 is not an option for us, then Laszlo Montgomery’s Chinese history podcasts are a good resource for getting us up to speed. He has already recorded over 100+ podcasts on the history of china, so this is not the resource to go if you are wanting a real quick overview. But for those students who have already done a bit of reading on china, these podcasts add the detail that you might have glossed over, and are able to include the really interesting snippets of history.

 

Intro to Chinese Music (from Timeout Beijing)

Photo Credit: Timeout Beijing

Check out Timeout Beijing’s informative post on some of the musical genres of China. This is a pretty comprehensive post describing each style and its roots, and has  youku videos of a song from each genre. The genres include 摇滚 yáo gŭn (rock and roll), 校园民谣 xiào yuán mín yáo (campus folk music), 老上海 lăo shàng hăi (old Shanghai music) and 民族歌 mín zú gē (minority folk music) from 蒙古 méng gŭ (Mongolia), 傣族 dăi zú (the Dai minority), and other ethnic minorities.

“Music is a big part of life in China. Curious about the various types of music you hear on TV, in stores, and at concerts? Learn more about Chinese culture through music through Timeout Beijing’s A bluffer’s guide to China’s musical styles. 

China’s musical genres have never solely been based on style. They usually describe geographical differences but can also extend to lifestyles, access to technology and the needs of state propaganda.

Chinese musicians have often been accused of a lack of originality or even outright plagiarism. Many of the early Cantopop and Mandopop songs simply ripped off melodies from Western and Japanese pop/rock songs and filled them with Cantonese or Mandarin lyrics. Gao Xiaosong, a leading figure of the 1990s campus folk movement, argues that Han Chinese (comprising 98 per cent of China’s population) are better with words than melodies because, unlike poetry and literature, music has never played a part in documenting the nation’s history.

Whether his theory holds water is debatable, but the fact that music in China serves as a lifestyle component rather than a driving social context seems to be a consensus. The following are musical genres that are characteristic of China and popular in Beijing.”

 

 A bluffer’s guide to China’s musical style (Timeout Beijing)