Leveraging the HSK

For anyone who is interested in learning Chinese and then possibly pursuing a career in China, the HSK has taken on a new level of importance.

China’s new visa points system has now added to what was previously a somewhat vague list of work visa requirements and honed it down to screen for the kind of foreign work force China sees will bring the greatest benefit to their economic development. The new system provides a list of potential points to be earned for, among other things, the visa applicant’s level of education and contracted salary. The pattern is designed to give priority to high-level foreign workers. Within the new points system is a new emphasis on Chinese language. They not only want high-level employees, they want them to be able to communicate and work using Chinese, and the standard of measure for earning points is the HSK (汉语水平考试).

This article is not about how to earn points from your education, or how to write a contract for a big points earning salary. For most professionals, the level of degree, degree major, work experience, and other qualification factors will already be established. The one place one can set themselves apart for their new employer and potential work visa is with language, and the only way to do that is to pass some level of the HSK.

How the HSK and the points system works

As you can see from the chart below, the HSK can be scheduled and taken throughout the year. Test results are available approximately 16 days after the computer version and one month for the paper-based version.

Test Time

Closing Date for Entries

Result Date for Test

Paper-base

Computer-based

Paper-base

Computer-based

22/Apr.

Sat.

 26/Mar.

19/Apr.

22/May.

 8/May.

7/May.

Sun.

27/Apr.

22/May.

20/May.

Sat.

23/Apr.

10/May.

20/Jun.

5/Jun.

11/Jun.

Sun.

15/May.

1/Jun.

11/Jul.

26/Jun.

24/Jun.

Sat.

14/Jun.

10/Jul.

15/Jul.

Sat.

18/Jun.

5/Jul.

15/Aug.

31/Jul.

29/Jul.

Sat.

19/Jul.

14/Aug.

12/Aug.

Sat.

16/Jul.

2/Aug.

12/Sept.

28/Aug.

27/Aug.

Sun.

17/Aug.

11/Sept.

17/Sept.

Sun.

21/Aug.

7/Sept.

17/Oct.

2(10)/Oct.

15/Oct.

Sun.

18/Sept.

5/Oct.

15/Nov.

30/Oct.

28/Oct.

Sat.

18/Oct.

13/Nov.

11/Nov.

Sat.

15/Oct.

1/Nov.

11/Dec.

27/Nov.

26/Nov.

Sun.

16/Nov.

11/Dec.

3/Dec.

Sun.

6/Nov.

23/Nov.

3/Jan.2018

18/Dec.

The HSK points system is based on which test is passed from HSK 1 to HSK 6. For work purposes, passing HSK 1 equals a 2 point credit, which then increases by 2 points for each level to a maximum of 10 points for passing HSK 5 or 6.

Passing the HSK

There are many different approaches that can be taken in preparation for the HSK, including everything from self-study to group classes to 1on1 classes. For many the most efficient and the quickest route to earning HSK points is through either small group or 1on1 tuition. There are many programs available, but this article is intended to focus on the 1on1 and small group method. Below is a chart that indicates the number of class hours required to move from one HSK language level to the next in either a small group or 1-on-1 tuition context.

HSK Level

Vocabulary

Numbers of classes required for each level (H)

1on1 classes

Group classes

Level 1 to Level 2

150+–300+

20

30

Level 2 to Level 3

300+–600+

30

40

Level 3 to Level 4

600+–1200+

46

56

Level 4 to Level 5

1200+–2500+

60-80

80-100

Level 5 to Level 6

2500+–5000+

90-120

120-150

You can see from the chart what is required to move up from one level to the next and how the required vocabulary and classes increase as the HSK level increases. This chart does not of course take into account factors such as age, aptitude, commitment level, etc., which can impact the number of class hours required to reach the language level each HSK is testing for.

There are also test prep courses available at schools such as my own (www.1on1mandarin.com) that have been developed strictly for test preparation, which you can see from our chart below.

HSK

Number of Class(Times)

1on1

Group

Level 1/2

40 classes, 2 classes per visit

44 classes, 2 classes per visit

Level 3/4

48 classes, 2 classes per visit

56 classes, 2 classes per visit

Level 5

72 classes, 3 classes per visit

84 classes, 3 classes per visit

Level 6

78 classes, 3 classes per visit

90 classes, 3 classes per visit

These courses are intended specifically for test preparation. For example, if you’ve already studied Chinese, and feel confident that your language level is up to HSK 5, but have no test experience or just want to brush up and prepare in such a way you can test with confidence, then these types of courses can prove very helpful.

In the end, any individual’s aptitude, career goals and ambition will determine how far they can go with their Chinese and how far up the HSK points ladder they can climb. Other external factors of influence include the quality of one’s teacher, study materials, and preparation.

So if you want to set yourself apart and meet China’s increasingly stringent standards for Employment, then the HSK must be considered. It also must be realized that any individual’s quality of life and work in China will increase exponentially with one’s language level and understanding of the culture.

Maybe it’s time to make HSK prep a priority for your life and career in China. Thanks for visiting our blog: http://blog.1on1mandarin.com

 

The MEET Market 相亲会

IMG_2574

Recently I had the privilege of joining our lovely tour guide, Cici, for one of her tours through Beijing’s Temple of Heaven (see our sister company, UTEC http://chinavisiontour.com/).

As we strolled around the Temple of Heaven Park, I did not expect an encounter with a ‘Meet Market’. I found out later that some Chinese people call it a 相亲会, a gathering of parents of prospective spouses.

“Look over there,” said Cici, pointing to a large crowd of a hundred or more elderly Chinese people mingling among the trees of the Temple of Heaven Park. “What do you think those people are doing over there?”

“They’re discussing something,” replied one of our tour guests.

“What are they discussing?” asked Cici.

Everyone shrugged and glanced at each other for clues.

Cici ended our suspense: “They are trying to find spouses for their children. But their children probably don’t know that their parents are here. It’s so embarrassing!”

As we wandered among the rows of elderly men and women, all sitting silently and hopefully, we glanced down at their hand-written lists. Each piece of paper contained their child’s credentials: their date of birth, home town, weight, education, occupation. Some also included the requirements of their future son or daughter-in-law: not too short, not too tall, not too thin, not too fat, must work for the government, etc. Interestingly, very few parents included a photograph of their son or daughter. Obviously that was less important. I tried not to look too closely in case someone gained false hope. One lady flagged me down and asked if I wanted a boy. Another man shouted out to get my attention, and continued to shout as I quickened my pace.

The air in this market seemed thick with anticipation. This particular generation of Chinese parents gave birth to the ‘Little Emperors’, children born under the one child policy. Now in their thirties, many of them are working too hard or enjoying life too much to want to settle down and start their own families. The desperation of their parents is written on their faces.

In Ancient China the Emperors would travel to the Temple of Heaven to ask the God of Heaven to grant them an abundant harvest. And now, in Modern China, countless parents travel daily to this same Temple of Heaven Park also in search of an abundant harvest: this time a marriage partner for their one child and, ultimately, the continuation of their family line.

How to: Chinese Motorcycle License

If you’ve lived in Beijing for very long, you know that transportation for trips out to the Great Wall or the countryside can be expensive, or inconvenient. So my wife and I decided to purchase a car. I already had my Chinese driver’s license, so we registered in the lottery (摇号) having convinced ourselves we would eventually be granted a license plate. However, three years later, many of our local friends had been granted plates, but we had given up. What other recourse did we have? We could rent cars when needed, but that was a hassle, or we could borrow cars from our Chinese friends, which we had done on a number of occasions, but that’s just not the same as packing for two or three nights and heading out to the countryside on a whim.

The solution for us was a Chinese motorcycle license (摩托车驾照).  There is no lottery for a motorcycle license plate, and no restrictions (限号) likely the weekly one day restrictions automobiles have to deal with. We both decided this was a brilliant idea, the only problem was, I had no experience on a motorcycle, and no foreign license I could use to avoid formal training class in Beijing. How did I get through the process? This blog is the story of my own experience with the process, and the result.

The steps:

In order to apply for a motorcycle license, China law requires that you either hold a Chinese drivers license for one year or can prove you have an overseas motorcycle license. So if you don’t have a motorcycle license from your home country you must first provide the necessary documents for your drivers license application at the Chinese equivalent of the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV), International Department (北京车辆管理所涉外管理科)near Shibalidianqiao (十八里店桥). These include your current Passport and current Resident permit with a minimum validity of 90 days, a valid drivers license issued from your home country with a certified translation, four 1” photos with white background, and a health certificate issued by an approved hospital. Bring several copies of each when you make you application.

You can get your health certificate at almost any local hospital, which I found very simple to retain for my original Chinese drivers license at the Sino-Japanese Friendship hospital International Department. I just told them what I needed, provided a photo (this is in addition to the 4 required with the application), had a hearing and vision test, and was on my way with health certificate in hand.

Submit all of these documents along with several copies of each and the current application fee to the DMV and sign up for a test date. The test for either a regular drivers license or motorcycle license consists of 100 test questions that are taken from a much larger selection of questions. Be sure to purchase a copy of the test questions and answers available in English at the DMV and allow enough time to study well when you sign up for a test date. There are several hundred questions to study, and 90% is the minimum passing score, so be prepared. Your test will be taken on a computer system that will give you your score immediately. Assuming you pass the first time, you can go back to the front desk and either arrange for your license to be mailed to you, or in some cases, you can wait for them to prepare it and take it with you.

If you’re among those who already have a motorcycle license from your home country, then you can follow all of the instructions above, with the exception that you must apply for the motorcycle test. This test also consists of 100 questions chosen from a list of over 400 multiple choice and true/false questions. Take note that the test is only available in Chinese. But if you read some Chinese, and are determined to pass, then you can take advantage of an app that has all of the test questions and also includes practice tests. You can find the app at www.jiakebaodian.com . This app was a lifesaver for me as it provided the opportunity to learn all the characters I was lacking to read well enough to pass the test.

The rest of the story.

So once the decision was made, I began to research the motorcycle license process. Having passed the English test a few years earlier, and so now qualified to apply for the motorcycle license, I was thinking “how hard can this be”. I was soon to be enlightened. So in addition to having retained a drivers license, I was now required to not only pass the 100 question motorcycle test, but also had to take a practical riding class and pass a riding test. The practical riding course was by far the most interesting and enjoyable part of the process.

Foreigners are require to sign up for the riding course at the Laoshan jiaxiao (老山驾校). You can see their website at http://www.laoshanjiaxiao.com and find their address just north of line 1 using your favorite maps app. I suggest you make a stop on the way and get your physical exam report at the nearby hospital (石景山医院).You want to head over to east entrance where you can find the physical exam department (体检). They first asked for a photo and an application, which I filled out in a couple of minutes. I then stepped over to the left where a nurse examined me along with an older Chinese gentleman. We both looked at a few pages in a book to check for colorblindness, followed by the vision chart. She then sent me next door to pay 10RMB, after which I returned with a receipt to pick up my completed exam form.

It’s about a brisk 15-minute walk from the hospital to the school. You can take a taxi up there, but it may take a while if you want to take a taxi back as the school is a bit secluded. I walked in with great confidence, submitted my documents to the school (all the same as those required for the drivers license) and was then asked  how well I could read Chinese, “你的汉子怎么样”, I was shocked to learn that the motorcycle test was only available in Chinese. I’d been studying an English version, but later learned the test had been revised and was no longer available in English. To be honest, I was certain as I paid for the course that I would not be back to take it. Another surprise was that foreigners don’t pay the same fee as the locals. At first I thought this unfair, but as I went through the process I realized Laoshan has to provide more services for foreigners. Below is an overview of the process. You can see that you have to pass a 50 question test before you can schedule your riding class, but you have to pay for the classes in advance of the first test. On the way home I sent a message to my wife that it would be a miracle if I got my license. I still believe it was a miracle.

1)   Prepare all the required documents, photos, translation and copies.

2)   Get a physical exam certificate.

3)   Go to the Laoshan school with all of the above and pay for the course.

4)   Get a phone call from Laoshan school to meet them at the DMV and sign up for the first 50 question test. There representative will be there as scheduled to help you get signed up for your test.

5)   Go back and pass the test.

6)   Take your test results back to the Laoshan school and wait 2-3 days for them to call you with your class dates. Note that when you sign up for class you have the choice of weekend classes or a 5-day midweek morning class.

7)   Take the riding course and pass the riding test.

8)   Go back to the Laoshan office with your results (note that only foreigners have to follow this process). They will call you in a few days to let you know when you can go back to the DMV to sign up for your final test.

9)   Go back to the DMV at the designated time, pass your test, and either wait for your license or arrange for them to mail it to you.

A few days later I got the call from Laoshan to meet their representative at the DMV. As it turned out, there were two of us there to register for our first test. I set mine test date up for a two week delay figuring I needed as much time as possible to prepare for the test, but I still had no idea how exactly to prepare. After we had both set our test dates the other student asked our rep the key question “What is the best way to study for the test”, she was a bit perplexed at the question, “You don’t know about the app?”, I should have known, there seems to be an app for everything these days, why not one that includes everything you need to study for your Chinese motorcycle license.

As it turns out, the app did not work on my iPhone, but they also have a website that works just the same (http://www.laoshanjiaxiao.com), or even better for me when studying at my desk with my laptop. So over the next two weeks I spent many long hours reviewing all the answers to both the multiple choice and true/false questions. I then used the practice test function. This was no longer about freedom for my wife and I to travel, it was more about the challenge of passing the test.

On test day my wife came along for moral support. You basically just need to show up a few minutes before the test. There are usually quite a few folks waiting. When the test time comes an official will make an announcement and everyone will head upstairs to the testing room. I needed some help finding the motorcycle test on their computer system, but once situated I rolled through my 50 questions in about 12 minutes, missing one question. I was out so quickly my wife thought something had gone wrong. We had experienced the first miracle in the process.

We then went directly to Laoshan and showed them my test result. They were a bit surprised, which was an encouraging reaction. They called me a couple days later with the start date and basic information for the riding course. The only items I was required to bring were all my documents, including the receipt for my payment, and a helmet.

My first class started at 8AM on a beautiful Spring Monday morning. After passing the first test, I was really excited to get started riding. I’d only borrowed a motorcycle for 30 minutes so I could teach myself how to use the controls, shift, etc. This proved extremely helpful as our instructor didn’t do much instructing. He did a roll call, walked us through the course we would be tested on that Friday, showed us how to start the old 70cc bikes we would be using all week, assigned us riding partners for taking turns through the week, and then watched us for a few minutes as we took our turns going through the course. For the better part of our first 3 days he left us alone to figure things out for ourselves, coming back now and then to make sure we hadn’t destroyed any equipment. There were sixteen of us in the class with 8 motorcycles going through the course. On the first day he told us that the law required us each to be there on time each day and to practice until 12PM. There were several students who asked if they had to come every day, and he just repeated himself. In the end, most of us were there every day, but a few only showed up now and then. For the most part, in the end, it didn’t matter what technique we used, it was about getting through the course without any of our mistakes being noticed.

On Thursday our instructor had us line up our bikes and ourselves up just as we would be for the police officer who would be arriving to observe us the next day. His main point was that we should do our best, and if we made any mistakes and the officer asked us how it went we should just pretend it went fine and tell him so. If he asked us twice, we were to tell him we made a small mistake, in which case he could still pass us or give us a second chance.

We were all lined up and ready to go when the officer showed up. He gave us some simple instruction and then we got started. It was surreal. Here we were, 16 of us testing for a motorcycle license and about 10 more testing for a sidecar license. There were at least 3 of us on the course at any given time with the officer speaking with each of us and signing us off as we finished. That is one pre-occupied officer, sitting in his car, facing away from half of the course, and trying to observe all of us…impossible doesn’t describe the conditions. Several made mistakes, some of them fairly major, but he didn’t catch any of them. Needless to say, everyone passed on the first try.

The officer then excused me to go to the office (all the locals then had to go to the local DMV office and immediately take their test). At the office they confirmed my results and once again told me they would be in touch to tell me when I could go back and sign up for my last test.

About a week later I was back at the DMV, but this time I wanted to test as soon as possible. I continued to practice for the test, and when the time came I passed with a 100% score in about 10 minutes. 30 minutes later I had my license in hand and my wife and I were on our way home to celebrate. A completed miracle.

There is much more to this story with respect to my Laoshan school experience. My fellow students were incredibly helpful and great fun to be with. We still have a Wechat group that stays in touch. Some of them go on rides together and all of them have treated the laowai (老外) like I was their mascot.

Photo Apr 28, 4 08 00 PM

My wife and I have also really enjoyed the freedom our Suzuki GW250 has given us. We ride it everywhere, but mostly out to the north of Beijing. Road fees are the same as for cars, but that and fuel costs are very inexpensive compared with hiring a driver or renting a car.

This is a friend who has a sweet little B&B out near Mutianyu Great Wall

This is a friend who has a sweet little B&B out near Mutianyu Great Wall

I’ve since also tested for and retained my motorcycle license in my home state. Someday, when we move back to the USA, I’m hoping to ride there too.

As the owner/manager of 1on1Mandarin I do reap special benefits. Our teachers and staff are always will to see their laoban and all of our foreign staff and Chinese language students succeed. www.1on1mandarin.com

 

Going to the Movies? How to use Your Smart Phone to Buy Discount Movie Tickets

My wife and I have lived in Beijing for several years. Over the years we’ve had many friends venture to the movies theaters to watch the latest hits while we stayed home and enjoyed the savings of 10RMB DVDs. Now certainly there is a worthwhile savings for those who are patient enough to wait for a quality copy to come out to the dwindling number of DVD stores, but we all know that going to the theater is just not the same experience. There’s just something about the big screen, especially in 3D that blows away the home viewing experience.

 

A few months ago a local friend gave us some free movie tickets. Another friend then told me about an app that would allow a view of all the current movies and where they were playing. I then chose a 3D movie I knew my life would love to see for her birthday, but you guessed it, the free tickets were for 2D movies. I was now finally motivated, I had to have those tickets, but the price! So I asked another friend and they told me about the app. I actually bought the tickets while standing in line at the theater and saved substantially at the counter.

 

So, if you have an interest in either watching Chinese or Western movies (in their original language) in Beijing, with the original voice soundtrack, and don’t mind or actually would enjoy practicing your Chinese reading by following the Chinese subtitles, then this app is a must. The app is free and is called Mtime, or in pinyin – shiguangwang (时光网). Below is the step-by-step process for downloading and using Mtime.

 

Note that these directions are specific to making your purchase using a Chinese bankcard.

 

1)   Download the app and open it.

1

2)   The Home page is at center bottom and the current movie list is displayed with a customer rating from 1-10 (this post will not go into what the other bottom tabs are for).

2

 

3)   Scroll through and pick the movie you’re interested in.

3

4)   Push the orange purchase ticket (购票) tab.

 

5)   Here you will have a choice of dates at the top and below a scroll down for movie theaters showing your movie pick. I prefer to narrow the options by tapping the middle green circle tab (地区) so I can choose theaters in my district. If you’re in Chaoyang District you might want to choose the second tab for your nearby (附近) theaters.

45

6)   Scroll down and select the tab for your choice of theaters.

6

 

7)   You will see optional show times and prices for your movie tickets. Touch the tab for your preferred show time.

 

8)   Reserve your seat(s) by touching the seats you prefer. You can touch and order as many seats as you want from those that have not been reserved. The seats you reserve will appear orange while the rest are blue. The bottom will display the row (排) and seat numbers (座). When you’re finished you can press the orange next (下一步) button.

7

 

9)   Enter the cell phone number and password you would like to use (there should be at least one numerical digit).

8

10)  Now push the light blue register tab (免费注册) (In the future, once you’ve registered, you can tap the log in (登录) tab, that is, assuming it remembers your phone number).

 

 

11) Enter your phone number and your preferred password, then push the tab to obtain your verification number (获取验证吗) and you will receive a text with your verification code.

9

12) Enter the code and push the (提交) tab.

 

 

13) You get a pop up window that asks you to confirm that you want to go forward. Touch the definitely (确定) tab if you definitely want the tickets.

10

14) Now you have two choices, either registering your email address or cell phone. If you want to order tickets only with your phone, then touch the submit (提交) tab (this post only follows the track of using your cell phone).

9

 

15) You will get a screen that confirms you order and the amount. If it all looks right tap next (下一步).

11

16) Now you have a choice of payment options. The simplest is to use the Union Pay online option (使用银联在线付款) which is the second orange tab.

12

 

17) Now enter your bankcard number and touch “next”. You will get a second window. Enter your pin# and your registered phone number and then touch the orange SMS tab. You should receive a text with the required SMS number. Enter the number and touch “Start Pay”.

1314

18) When processing is complete, Mtime should hold a record of your ticket purchase. You should also receive a text with the purchase details. You can show either of these at the ticket window to receive your tickets.

 

 

Of course I accept no responsibility for the accuracy of this post, or any losses you may incur as a result of following the above instructions.

 

There you have it. Enjoy your movie!

Learning Chinese in Beijing? – Top tips on renting a flat – Part 3 – Preparing to leave

Learning Chinese in Beijing? – Top tips on renting a flat – Part 3 – Preparing to leave

(This is the third blog post on renting a flat. Click here for the first and second posts.)

“Why do I need to prepare to leave? But I’ve only just moved in…!”

No, I’m not confused, it actually is important to think right at the start about how you do things to ensure that your leaving process is as smooth as possible. This post came about after one of our former students told us about some of their experiences of moving away from their apartment and some of the things they wished they had known in advance!

View from Huaqingjiayuan flat in Wudaokou

Wudaokou from a Huaqingjiayuan flat.
Road noise can be an issue if your flat doesn’t have good double glazing

Drinking water

Most people arrange to have big bottles of water delivered to use with their water machine. When you first get one of these you will have to pay a deposit (probably 50RMB). You need to make sure that you keep the original receipt for this deposit, because if you don’t, when you come to leave, you won’t get your deposit back! (For further ahead; although they will deliver water, when it comes to leaving, you may need to take the bottle back to them yourself, so be sure to get their address.)

Bottled water - you don't want to drink the tap water

Unless you bring out a filter system for your tap water you will need to buy bottled water for your flat

Utilities

I mentioned this in the last post, but you should keep your receipts for gas/electric and water, so that you can prove to the landlord/agent how much you have paid.

Deposit/Contract

If you don’t already have one, getting a receipt for your deposit is a good idea so you can be sure to get back what is due. Ensuring there is a good inventory of the apartment, including a note of the overall state of the apartment, is also a good thing to do as soon when you move in. (A good rental agency should in theory have already helped you with this…) Now is also a good time to double check your contract to see if there are any ‘hidden’ clauses such as paying a tax for garbage disposal or other fees you haven’t thought of (which your landlord may try to impose on you when you leave). In theory you will have already checked this type of thing out before you sign the contract, but realistically, in the stress of getting everything done, some things may easily be missed. Local friends can be a great source for helping you understand some of the finer subtleties that us foreigners might miss! Finally, if there is nothing in the contract about extra fees being your responsibility, have made a good inventory, and you have a receipt for your deposit, and then as long as you leave the apartment in good shape you should be able to get your whole deposit back! Enjoy your stay in this great country!

One other thing to remember is that China generally deals in cash, so you need to get used to withdrawing and handling large bundles of cash.

One other thing to remember is that China generally deals in cash, so you need to get used to withdrawing and handling large bundles of cash.

Learning Chinese in Beijing? – Top tips on renting a flat –Part 2

(This is the second post on renting a flat. You can find the first post here.) So, you have successfully negotiated a contract, got the keys, moved your stuff in, and registered with the police. Now what?

Renting a flat – Paying for Utilities 

Gas and electric both require to be purchased in advance. Each has a separate card that you will need to make sure is provided for you by your landlord or rental agency. It’s a good idea to check on both the gas and electric meter as to how much credit there is on the cards (Sometimes this will be done by the agent when you move in, as they may want to charge you for this, especially if there is a large credit). If the credit is low, then you will probably want to go and buy more credits sooner rather than later (or risk your shower going cold, or your dinner being half cooked!)

 

Beijing gas meter

Beijing gas meter, generally found in the kitchen

Gas

Your gas meter is likely to be inside your own apartment and so should be easy to find. The available credit will be clearly displayed. Gas can be purchased from the Bank of Beijing (if you have a Chinese bankcard from any bank then you can use their 24 hour self service machines. If you do not have a Chinese bankcard, you will need to queue up and pay over the counter). Gas can also be purchased from designated selling offices (ask your agent or a friend for the location of the one in your area). You need to insert your card into the gas meter for it to register your account, then within 24 hours you can go buy the gas. The easiest way is just to insert the card into the machine immediately before you head out and then reinsert the card into the meter as soon as you return to add your gas credits. Most meters also have batteries that occasionally need to be replaced. Generally speaking, if your gas isn’t flowing when the meter still shows you have credits, then the culprit is likely dead batteries.

 

Beijing Electricity meter

Your electic meter is usually in the corridor outside your flat. Insert your card to find out much credit you have left.

Electric

Electric meters can be a little trickier – they are almost always outside the apartment, and often are grouped together, so the key thing is to work out which one is yours. The suggestion from the official website  is: Way to check the meter of your house: turn off the switch of the meter, if the power in your house goes off means that the meter is connected with your house. I just successfully tried this with ours, and found the switches are in a little box under the meters. However, if you have to try quite a few before you work out which is yours, this may give you some unhappy neighbours, so another suggestion is to turn on your air-conditioning and see which meter starts using more electric. (There is a little red light on the right of the credit display, which flashes ever faster as your electricity consumption goes up. Incidentally, the display will only show numbers constantly once your credit is less than 200, to find out how much credit you have if there are no numbers, just put the card into the machine with the chip facing outwards) Electric can be purchased from many of the banks, including: Bank of China, Bank of Beijing, and Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC). It can also be purchased from any sale outlet of Beijing Electric Power Corporation. Again, you need to insert your card into the machine before you go. Note – you can only top up the electric when it is below 200kWH. The Beijing governments official English website has info on buying electric and is actually pretty useful.

 

Beijing gas and electricity cards

You need to make sure your landlord gives you the relevent cards for putting credit on your electricity and gas meters

Tap Water

Water is the simplest – as it is not pre-pay but is billed by actual usage. Once every two months or so, someone will come round to read the water meter and tell you how much to pay. I have always just paid them directly as this saves a trip to the bank. Previously I know people were sometimes nervous to do this in case the worker just pocketed the money, but they have recently introduced a new system, which means you get an electronic receipt from the person when you pay them (which you can then keep to prove to your landlord that you have paid, just in case they try to charge you!) If you see anything we have missed, please use the comments below to share your experience of renting a flat in Beijing. Our final post should be out in a couple of days, which will include advice on what you need to be aware of at the start so that your eventual leaving process is less stressful.

Learning Chinese in Beijing? – Top tips on renting a flat (Part 1 of 3)

Mid August onwards is the time when many international students start to arrive in Beijing to begin a semester or two of Chinese studies. If your language school or university doesn’t provide accommodation (or if what is on offer there is not what you are looking for), how do you go about renting a flat i.e finding somewhere decent, at a price that suits you and with a landlord that is helpful? What are some of the key things that you need to know to make sure you are all above board, fulfilling all the regulations? What can help you have a smooth transition into actually living in your own place, and what do you need to know at the start that will make it easier when you leave?

Part one in this mini series will look at some of the key things to think about when first looking for, and negotiating a place to rent. Part two will consider things to think about after you have moved in. Part three will help you think about what you are going need to be ready for when you eventually move out.

Firstly, we’d like to point you to a great article that was posted towards the end of July 2013, which gives a really good overview of most of the things you should be aware of when trying to find a place to rent in Beijing/China. http://www.saporedicina.com/english/rent-in-beijing/

One important point to note: it is good to be aware that things here in China have a tendency to change FAST! So advice given this week may not be fully accurate in six months or a years’ time. However, at the time of writing this post we still feel most of the advice in the Sapore di Cina article is up to date, and some of it is pretty timeless.

A couple of things that the article does not mention, or only mentions briefly, are also important to consider.

renting a flat in wudaokou

The modern Huaqingjiayuan housing complex is right next door to our language school 1on1Mandarin

Registration

It is mandatory for all foreigners to register at their local police office within 24 hours of arriving in the country. If you stay in university accommodation or a hotel, this will be done for you. However, if you are renting a place, you will need to personally make sure you register. There is a fine of up to 500RMB for not registering. Previously there was often a degree of leniency in the time, however, over the summer of 2012 there was a significant crackdown on foreigners living in Beijing, and since then the rules are being enforced much more stringently. (Having said that, different local police offices do still have different practices!)

The Practicalities

In order to register you will first need to go to the correct local police office. In theory your landlord should accompany you the first time you go, and if this is the case, then registration should go smoothly. However, if your landlord is not willing to come with you, then you need to make sure that you at least know where to go! Once you get there, you will need to provide a number of documents. (This may vary slightly depending on which office you go to – again, different offices have different practices!) The minimum you will need is:

  1. Your passport, with valid Chinese visa, and date of entry stamp
  2. Your contract

Recently I have heard that you will also need to provide some sort of proof that your landlord has paid his rental tax (*more info regarding the rental tax below). This may be in the form of an official receipt, or it may be a ‘letter of invitation’ (essentially something only provided if your landlord has paid their tax). The easiest way to deal with this the first time is to insist that your landlord goes with you, and that they then provide you a copy of this document for you to use yourself on subsequent occasions.

The post below gives more detailed info as to what is required. (It doesn’t mention anything about proof of tax payment, but the article is about a year old, and this has been much more rigorously enforced recently.) http://www.themiddlekingdom.org/everything-you-need-to-know-about-residence-registration/

Rental Tax Landlords are required to pay a yearly tax of 5% of rental income. If a landlord has Chinese tenants, they will often manage to avoid paying this. However, if a landlord has ‘foreign’ tenants, then as they are required to register with the police, this makes it very difficult for the landlord to avoid paying the tax. There are numerous examples of people trying to register and being told that the 派出所 (local police office) will not register them as the landlord has not paid their tax. (We have personally experienced this twice so far.)

This blog post from last year (2012) is a good summary of this tax, and some of the pitfalls to be aware of (with some info on registration for good measure).  The key sticking point is, that although it is supposed to be the landlord who pays the tax, they often don’t want to, so will essentially ask you to pay it. If it is an apartment you like you will need to come up with some compromise for this or there is a good chance they will just rent it out to someone else. However, you do need to make sure that it is very clear in the contract that you have paid the tax, and you need to make sure that you get the appropriate receipt. Insisting that the landlord comes with you when you first register should take care of this, however, you still need to get a copy of the tax receipt as each time you leave and re-enter (or get a new visa) you may need to take it back to the police office when you register again!

Renting a flat in wudakou - cheaper option

Housing in Wudaokou – old style

Housing agents

If you are renting through an agency, which will be the case for the majority of people, it will not be uncommon to find that the owner of the property does not live in Beijing, or even if they do, they are ‘not available’. In these cases ensuring that you have an agent who can provide you with all the documentation you need is very important. Should you choose to come and study with us at 1on1 Mandarin, we have a good relationship with various housing agents that we trust, so we will be able to give you an introduction, as well as being able to help you out with some of the language difficulties you may face. Just let us know when you sign up that you would like us to help you with this.

Welcome to China! We wish you all the best in your new adventure.

Watch out for our second post on renting a flat in the next day or two, which will include advice on sorting out your utilities and how to put credit on your gas & electricity cards.

Vocab for Breathing Healthy in Beijing

 

great wall of china

Here are a few basic vocabulary words about health and air pollution that you can use in everyday conversation.

breathe 呼吸 (hū xī)

air quality 空气质量 (kōng qì zhí liàng)

air quality index (AQI) 大气质量指数 (dà qì zhí liàng zhĭ shù)

clean air 清新 (qīng xīn) or 干净的空气 (gān jìng de kōng qì)

fresh air 新鲜空气 (xīn xiān kōng qì)

air pollution 空气污染 (kōng qì wū răn)

particulates 微粒 (wéi lì) or 颗粒 (kē lì)

dust 灰尘 (huī chén)

HEPA High-Efficiency Particulate Air 高效能粒子空气 (gāo xiào néng lì zĭ kōng qì)

HEPA filter 高效过滤网 (gāo xiào guò lǜ wăng)

Air purifier 空气净化器 (kōng qì jìng huà qì)

mask 口罩 (kŏu zhào)

lungs 肺 (fèi)

 

Goobo: “The air is so clean today! Let’s go for a picnic at the park. The fresh air and the scenery will do your lungs good.”

“今天空气这么好,我们去公园野餐吧!那里空气清新,风景秀丽,对肺有好处!“

Palunka: “Are you kidding me? The air is SO polluted today. Stay inside and turn on your air purifier.”

“开什么玩笑?外面污染这么严重,我看还是待在家里开空气净化器好了。”

Goobo: “But the AQI reported in the paper is fine. Besides, I haven’t changed the filter in a long time.”

”可是报纸上说大气质量指数还不错啊!而且过滤网很久都没换了。“

Palunka: “Then we’re going to buy a filter right now. Put on your mask. It’s dusty outside. Let’s go!”

“那我们现在就去买过滤网吧!记得戴上口罩,外面灰尘太多了!走吧!”

growing cleaner air in your home

Money Plant

There are at least three ways to combat air pollution in your home and outdoors – air filters 空气净化器 (kōng qì jìng huà qì), houseplants 室内植物 (shì nèi zhí wù), and masks 口罩 (kŏu zhào). Most of these options aren’t portable, but check out low-cost ways to help you stay healthy at the MyHealth Beijing blog.

Fight “Crazy Bad” Air Pollution — Cheaply

MyHealth Beijing

 

a refreshing and wild trip into Tian Shan mountain of Xinjiang

Tian Shan of Xinjiang

As I can see in Beijing,  all expatriates like to travel.  When living in Beijing for awhile, you’ve seen the Great Wall and the Forbidden City.  Have you ever wanted to get out of the big city and go on trips which are designed to encourage, support and renew your life. I know a friend who started JWA Trip here in Beijing and bring people on backpacking trips into Tian Shan mountain of Xinjiang. They will go to the few remaining unspoiled locations in Xinjiang and experience the beauty of wilderness.

One of trips they are doing is the adult backpacking trip, is a ten day backpacking trip that begins and ends in Urumqi, Xinjiang. Upon your arrival in Urumqi, your trip includes all transportation, lodging, food, and equipment for your ten day journey.

After transit through Urumqi, the capital city of Xinjiang’s Uyghur Autonomous Region, you will spend 8 days, 7 nights backpacking through the Tian Shan mountain range. In the Celestial Mountains; a seldom-traveled range that could easily be mistaken for the Swiss Alps, you will travel through untouched high mountain meadows, spruce-fir forests, waterfalls, rivers, and alpine lakes. As you experience one of China’s few remaining unspoiled locations you will practice a variety of wilderness skills such as navigation, back-country cooking, camp-site management, safe travel techniques, and leadership.

Tian Shan mountain of Xinjiang

 So if you wanted to go on trips for a refreshing and adventurous experience,  The JWA ten days backpacking trip into Tian Shan mountain which will be a trip you would like, here is more information about their trips this summer

http://jwatrips.com/adultbackpacking

Thanks JWA for those beautiful pictures, here are a few more:

Lastly, here are a few more helpful information provided by JWA:

• Each participant will be carrying a backpack that weighs between 40 and 50 pounds, filled with personal gear, group gear, food and water.

• Hiking will take place between the elevations of 4500 and 12,000 feet. Because of this, we ask that each participant set personal exercise goals for themselves. Strength and speed are of little importance when backpacking, though building up your endurance will increase your level of enjoyment while on the trail. Running three miles, three to four times a week will best prepare you for your Journey Adventure.

• The weather in Xinjiang is wonderful in June, July, and August. Due to the varied elevation at which you will travel, you can expect to encounter temperatures as low as 40°F at night and as high as 90°F during the day. For most of your time in the mountains, the temperatures should be between 60°F and 85°F . Average rainfall is around 1 inch or less per month in Xinjiang. However, additional rainfall often results in mountainous environments. Wind can also be a factor in the mountains with average wind speeds around 11 mph.

• In the months of June, July, and August, there will be daylight from around 6:30am to 9:30pm.

• There will be a maximum of 12 participants in each group, in addition to the 2-3 guides.